The following resources provide practical support to reserve trust boards in undertaking their duties in managing a Crown reserve.

Trust Handbook

The Trust Handbook is a comprehensive guide for trust board members in performing their duties.

The Trust Handbook appendices provides supplementary material to the Reserve Trust Handbook.

Policies and guidance

These documents help Crown trust managers make decisions.

Corporate governance

Find out more about submitting an annual report.

Land and asset management resources

Leases and licences

With the consent of the Minister for Lands and Forestry, Crown reserve trusts can enter into leases and licences with third parties to use all or part of the reserve on an ongoing basis. For more information, visit leases and licences.

Minimum rent

Leases, licences and permits to occupy Crown land attract annual rental payments. For more information regarding rent, view the Managing your account page.

Management and enforcement

Reserve trusts have the authority to manage behaviour and access in order to protect the reserve. This includes enforcing the laws and by-laws which apply to the reserve. However, those enforcing laws and by-laws must be an authorised person under the Crown Lands Act 1989.

Under Section 124 of the Crown Lands Act 1989 (the Act), a member of the reserve trust board or a ranger or other employee authorised by the reserve trust can remove a person from the reserve if they are:

  • breaching a by-law that applies to the reserve
  • engaging in disorderly conduct which is causing annoyance or inconvenience to other people using the reserve (including affecting their ability to enter or leave the reserve).

Section 124 specifically authorises that the police be called in to help.

Situations that may require management include:

  • illegal car races
  • bonfires – particularly in environmentally sensitive areas or during fire bans
  • damage to trust property
  • trail-bike riding
  • removal of native flora or fauna
  • dumping of rubbish
  • building of unauthorised structures
  • residing illegally on the reserve
  • grazing stock
  • removal of warning signs or other signage.

Penalty notices, or on the spot fines, may be issued under the Crown Lands Regulation 2006 (the Regulation) and the Crown Lands (General Reserves) By-law 2006 (the By-law) for behaviour that contravenes the provisions of the Regulation or By-Law may be issued.

Authorising officers

Members of a trust board or nominated employees must be appointed as authorised persons under s.153 of the Crown Lands Act 1989 before issuing penalty notices. To become an authorised person, you will need to be trained and accredited to issue penalty notices. Face-to-face training is offered by the department and online training is available from the Revenue NSW.

Please read the following self-enforcing infringement notice scheme policy in relation to becoming an authorised person.

Authorisation form

If you are interested in becoming an authorised person, please complete the application form and supporting information. You will need evidence that you are a trust member and that they are required by the trust to become an authorised officer. The form is also a statutory declaration that you have not been convicted of an offence punishable by imprisonment for more than 12 months and that you have completed the online SEINS course. Contact details in regards to completing the online SEINS course are found on the authorisation form below.

Please submit the authorisation form and attached evidence of completion of the SEINS course to the department for approval on behalf of the Minister. Authorisation from the Minister must be received before any penalty notices can be issued.

For more information, go to the Trust Handbook or contact us.


If you are using pesticides in a public place, including Crown reserves you will need to prepare a Pesticide Use notification plan and notify the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA).

Pesticide use notification plans must set out:

  • the operational area where pesticides will be used
  • how and when public notice of the use of pesticides will be given
  • the proposed uses, categories of, or specific prescribed public places
  • where the public notification is to operate
  • categories of people who regularly use the prescribed public places to be notified
  • the protection measures to be taken where the pesticide is to be used in an area adjacent to a sensitive place such as a school, child care centre, hospital, nursing home or a place declared by the EPA by notice in the Government Gazette.

You will also need to give public notice of your intention to use pesticides on the Crown reserve in accordance with the adopted pesticide use notification plan.

The department has prepared a pesticide notification plan that applies to all Crown land. Reserve trusts should use this as a guide in preparing notices of pesticide use for their reserves.