The grazing industry uses a network of Crown reserves called Travelling Stock Reserves (TSR) for moving or grazing stock around the state.
There are currently more than 6,500 TSRs on Crown land in NSW covering an area of approximately 2 million hectares. Almost 1.5 million hectares, or 75%, of the TSR network is in the western division of NSW.
Local Land Services is responsible for the care, control and management of about 500,000 hectares of TSR land, concentrated mainly in the central and eastern divisions. The TSRs in the western division are generally covered by <western lands leases> and as a result, the care and control of the TSR are managed by leaseholders.
The reserves in the western division can only be used for travelling stock and a stock movement permit is required. You will need to contact Local Lands Service for the permit prior to using the TSR. These reserves are not open for public access so cannot be used for recreation.
TSRs located in the eastern and central division can be used by graziers during times of drought, bushfire and flood as supplementary grazing areas or for apiary sites. Permits are also required from the Local Land Services for these activities. They can also be used by members of the public for recreation between sunrise and sunset and other uses such as conservation.
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Travelling Stock Reserves importance
The TSR network was established more than 150 years ago to allow the movement of livestock to and from markets. Many of these routes are believed to have followed pathways used traditionally by Aboriginal people to travel across country and many are adjacent to or follow tracks and rivers.
While TSRs are still important for travelling and grazing stock they are also widely recognised for playing a key role in landscape connectivity and biodiversity conservation across NSW. This is because they form corridors of Crown land between other landholdings. However, in the western division the TSRs form part of the existing leasehold land and are managed in the same way as the rest the land. They are not fenced, are grazed in the same way as the surrounding land and are difficult to distinguish physically on the ground.
The agricultural and economic value of TSRs is important to agricultural industries and communities, particularly in times of extreme weather and other emergencies. TSRs that do not overlay <western lands leases> are also highly valued as important access points for recreational fishing and other social and recreational activities.
Travelling Stock Reserves review
The NSW Government is committed to maintaining a viable, well maintained and connected TSR network for the future. A TSR review took place in 2017 to understand and get a solid evidence base about what the reserves are used and valued for today. Having a complete understanding of TSR usage across NSW is vital to ensure the future of use and management TSRs aligns with Indigenous, conservation, livestock, production, recreation and community priorities for TSRs. The outcome of the review will be released in 2018.