Industry strengths and capabilities

NSW offers Australia’s largest and most diverse economy and is recognised as a leader in manufacturing, logistics, electronics, information and communication technology (ICT), business services and other areas relevant to Defence needs and global defence markets. From this strong base NSW: Strong, smart and connected sets out a roadmap enabling NSW to capitalise on its existing strength and positions the state to attract further investment by Defence and industry.

NSW is home to more than 80 ADF bases and facilities and nearly 30% of the nation's military and civilian personnel (26,500 people across urban and regional locations).The state's major ADF facilities include:

  • HMAS Albatross (Nowra) — Operational and logistics support base for Navy’s Fleet Air Arm, including three Squadrons.
  • HMAS Penguin (Mosman) — Accommodates Navy’s Diving School, Hydrographic School, Submarine and Underwater Medicine Unit, and Australian Defence Force Centre for Mental Health. Also includes the separate Pittwater Annexe.
  • HMAS Waterhen (Waverton) — Supports Mine Warfare and Clearance Diving Group elements and the LHD Landing Craft training school.
  • HMAS Watson (Watsons Bay) — Navy’s principal warfare and navigation training establishment.
  • Garden Island Defence Precinct (Sydney) — Navy’s main operational, maintenance and repair base for east coast based major fleet units. Includes HMAS Kuttabul, Fleet Base East and the Captain Cook Graving Dock.
  • RAAF Base Glenbrook (Glenbrook) — Location of Headquarters Air Command.
  • RAAF Base Richmond (Richmond) — Accommodates command, training, support, administrative and other functions of Air Mobility Group, Surveillance and Response Group as well as operational units. Operational base for C-130 Hercules aircraft.
  • RAAF Base Williamtown (Williamtown) — Command, operational and support elements of Air Combat Group. Also accommodates air surveillance and battlefield management command and support elements, as well as the Australian Defence Force Warfare Centre.
  • RAAF Base Wagga (Wagga Wagga) — Air Force initial recruit and technical training base.
  • Blamey Barracks (Kapooka) and Training Area — Location of the Army Recruit Training Centre.
  • Defence Establishment Orchard Hills (Sydney) — Explosive ordnance storage and home of the Defence Explosive Ordnance Training School and other units.
  • Headquarters Joint Operations Command (Bungendore) — The General John Baker Complex houses Headquarters Joint Ooperations Command which plans, mounts and controls all Defence operations.
  • Liverpool Military Area, including Holsworthy Barracks, Holsworthy Field Training Area and the Defence National Storage and Distribution Centre (Sydney) — Accommodates significant Army and Defence capabilities including special operations forces, military policing, logistics, aviation and engineering units (including the School of Military Engineering), Reserve units (including Headquarters 5 Brigade) and other functions. Also has a large contiguous training area.
  • Lone Pine Barracks (Singleton) including Singleton Field Training Area — Location of Army’s School of Infantry and a detachment of the Special Forces Training Centre. Training area for manoeuvre and live firing.
  • Mulwala Explosives Factory (Mulwala) — Defence explosives and propellant manufacturing facility.
  • Myambat Explosive Ordnance Facility (Denman) — Explosive ordnance storage depot.
  • Randwick Barracks (Sydney) — Accommodates logistic (including Defence medical and dental functions), specialist and Reserve units. Navy Training Systems Centre - Randwick is also located here.
  • Timor Barracks (Dundas) — Location of the Army Reserve’s Headquarters 8 Brigade, other Reserve sub-units and Cadets.
  • Victoria Barracks, Sydney (Sydney) — Accommodation for Army’s Headquarters Forces Command, as well as other command and support units.
  • Evans Head Air Weapons Range (Evans Head) — Air-to-surface and surface-to-surface weapons firing range.
  • Salt Ash Air Weapons Range (Salt Ash) — Air-to-surface weapons range.

A number of key defence industry capabilities are also located in NSW, including Priority Industry Capabilities and Strategic Industry Capabilities. Broadly, these are defence capabilities that are crucial to the self-reliance and long-term procurement arrangements of the ADF.

NSW's defence industry is bolstered by the presence of major ADF contractors "primes", including:

In addition, the state is supported by industry associations such as the Australian Industry and Defence Network and the NSW Business Chamber, Sydney Aerospace and Defence Interest Group (SADIG) and Australian Industry Group (Ai group).

Research, technology and innovation

The defence industry is synonymous with cutting-edge technology. Research and development activities often accompany defence industry organisations around the globe. NSW has the world-class research and development facilities the ADF and the defence industry need to maintain an edge in areas such as engineering, information and communications technology (ICT), robotics and surveillance. These organisations include: